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SAT閱讀不提分?這18種題型你都掌握了嗎?
2019-09-27 14:41   作者:新航道   閱讀量:

沃特福德阿森纳 www.bpwtbq.com.cn   SAT考試中最讓考生擔憂的就是它的閱讀部分,尤其是SAT改革后閱讀更難了,想要拿到閱讀高分,就先要了解都考哪些題型。

  SAT的OG將其閱讀題型分成三大塊:

  1、對文本信息的考察;

  2、對作者寫作技能的考察;

  3、以及綜合考察。


  一、Informationand Ideas: The Author's Message (對文本信息的考察)

  包括以下題型:

  1、文本細節的考查

  1)直接信息題(Explicit Meaning),該類題型能夠直接從文本中找到信息,題目中通常出現如下字眼“According to the passage," "states," "indicates,"等。如:The authors indicate that people value gift-giving because they feel it…?

  2)隱含信息題(Implicit Meaning),該類題型需要理解文本的隱含意思,題目中通常出現如下字眼“basedon the passage,” "it can reasonably be inferred,""implies," 等。如:Based on the passage, the author's statement "…" impliesthat…?

  3)類比題(Analogy),考察對文本內容特征的把握及應用,如“Whichof the following situations is most analogous to the relation shipmentioned in line 5 to 10?

  2、文本論據的考查

  循證題(CitingTextual Evidence),要求為上一題的答案尋找論據或者為某個結論提供論據。

  如:Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previou squestion? (尋找上一題答案論據),或者Inlines 46-50("Prosecutions…sens"),whatis the most likely reason Jordan draws a distinction between two types of "parties"? (為某個結論提供論據)

  循證題是對文本論據的考察,在每個篇章中會出現兩題,共10題。

  3、文本傳達信息的考查

  1)中心思想/主旨題(Central Idea/ Theme),是對整篇文章的主旨或段落中心思想的考察。如:The central claim of the passage is that…?(對整篇文章主旨的考察),或者The central idea of the fourth paragraph (line35-57)isthat…?(對段落中心思想的考察);

  2)小結題(Summary),對整篇文章或段落的小結,如:Which choice best summarizes the passage?

  3)關系題(Relationship),考察人物,事件,觀點之間的因果,對比,遞進等關系,如:Which choice best describes the relationship between neurons and celebrities?

  4)單詞/詞組釋義題(Interpreting Words and Phrases in Context),顧名思義,即是對單詞、詞組意思的考察。如:Asused in line 10, "intense" most nearly means…?


ball-shaped-close-up-contemporary-2682318.jpg


  二、Rhetoric:The Author's Craft (對作者寫作技能的考察)

  包括以下題型:

  1.單詞/詞組/句子功能題(Analyzing Word Choice),包括使用目的,作用和效果。如:Woolf uses the word "we" through out the passage mainly to…?

  2.文本結構題(Analyzing Text Structure),對文本總體結構的考察或對部分內容與整篇文章的關系的考察。如:Over the course of the passage, the main focus of the narrative shifts from the … to…?

  3.觀點態度題(Analyzing Point of View),對作者或人物觀點,態度和立場的考察。題目中通常包括"perspective","point of view"等字眼。如:Thestance Jordan takes in the passage is best described as that of…?

  4.目的題 (Analyzing Purpose),對整篇文章或部分段落目的的考察。題目中通常包括“purpose”,“function”等字眼。選項中也通常出現“criticize”,“support”,“present”,“introduce”等字眼。如:The main purpose of the passage is to…?

  5. 論證題 (AnalyzingArguments),對作者在論證過程中的論點,反論點,論證方式和論據的考察。題目中通常出現“claim”、“counterclaim”,“reason”,“evidence”等字眼。如:A student claims that nitrogenous bases pair randomly with one another.Which of the following statements in the passage contradicts the student's claim?


art-artistic-blank-page-371954 (2).jpg


       三、Synthesis(綜合題)

  該類指的是涉及到雙篇文章的題目或文章與圖表綜合考察的題目。

  1、雙篇題

  通常分為取同,取異,互聯題。

  1)取同題,對兩篇文章的相同點的考察。如:Thecrows in Passage 1 and the ravens in Passage 2 shared which trait?

  2)取異題,對兩篇文章的不同點的考察。如:Onedifference between the experiments described in the two passages isthat unlike the researchers discussed in Passage 1, the author ofPassage 2…?

  3)互聯題,對兩篇文章的相關性的考察。如:Isthe main conclusion presented by the author of Passage 2 consistentwith Morgan's canon, as described in Passage 1?

  以上三種題型皆涉及到對雙篇文章的分析。

  2、圖表題

  包括對圖表信息的直接或間接的考察,以及對圖表信息和文本內容的綜合考察。如:Whichclaim about traffic congestion is supported by the graph?或者:Itcan reasonably be inferred from the passage and the graphic that…?

  綜上所述:

  1、從詞匯層面看,詞匯題考察的是詞匯的意思和功能;

  2、從段落層面看,考察的題目包括觀點態度題,目的題,小結題,中心思想題,論證題,細節類題型等等;

  3、從篇章層面看,同樣包括細節題,態度,目的,小結,中心思想題,論證題,還包括關系題,循證題,文本結構題等。

  由此可見,新SAT尤其側重對篇章的考察。


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